Acne is the most common skin disease affecting up to 85% of people aged 12 to 25 years and 11% of individuals aged 25 years and older. Although acne usually passes on its own, this disease can persist up to the age of 30 years and older. Acne can lead to the formation of retracted scars. But even mild cases cause significant distress and have serious psychosocial consequences. Deep in the skin there are the glands forming a protective film – sebum. Secrete ducts go from these glands through which sebum can reach the surface of the skin.
Treatment of acne should be comprehensive. It is necessary to avoid stressful situations. However, most often depression is the result of an unpleasant skin condition. This is more often observed in adolescence, when the critical attitude towards one’s own appearance is exacerbated. Consultations of the psychologist can be useful. It is necessary to revise the diet, avoiding a large quantity of sweet, fatty, spicy, pickled, smoked dishes.
Currently in the arsenal of dermatologists and cosmetologists, there is a fairly wide range of drugs used for external treatment of various forms of acne. Effects of drugs are due to the impact on this or that mechanism of the development of acne:
- suppression of growth of propionbacteria acne (antibiotics, azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide)
- decrease in the cornification of the lining of the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands (vitamin A and its derivatives)
- decrease in the amount of sebum produced
- stimulation of rejection of cells of the upper layers of the skin (azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide).
The drug for acne: Zinerit.
Active substance: erythromycin, zinc acetate dihydrate. Erythromycin-zinc complex is specially developed for the treatment of acne. Erythromycin acts bacteriostatically on microorganisms that cause acne, and zinc reduces the secretion of sebaceous glands, has astringent and anti-inflammatory effect. Results are noticeable after 2 weeks of use.
The drug for acne: Metrogyl Jelly
Highly effective antiprotozoal and antibacterial agent of a wide spectrum of action. Metrogyl in the form of jelly has an anti-seborrheic effect and effectively destroys bacteria (propionibacterium acne) that cause acne. In addition, the drug has an anti-inflammatory effect. Metrogyl Jelly has excellent cosmetic properties:
- it is well absorbed, deeply penetrating the foci of inflammation
- does not cause skin irritation
- has a low-fat, hypoallergenic base
- can be used before applying makeup.
A marked decrease in redness and puffiness is noted already on the 14th day from the beginning of treatment, and a decrease in the number of acne elements on the 21-28th day. The average course of treatment is 9 weeks.
The drug for acne: Fucidin
Active substance: fusidic acid. The antibiotic is highly active against most pathogens that cause infections of the skin and soft tissues, is characterized by a low probability of the development of staphylococcus resistance, is able to penetrate into deeply located foci of infection. It is indicated for the treatment of acne, impetigo, carbuncles, boils, infected wounds, etc.
The drug for acne: Accutane
Active substance: isotretinoin. Accutane has anti-seborrheic effect and is used to treat severe acne, moderate in case of ineffectiveness of traditional treatment, in patients with scarring or with severe seborrhea, resistant to conventional therapy. Pregnancy is not permissible during treatment with the Accutane and within 1 month after the end of the course.
In the treatment of acne, it is often necessary to combine different groups of drugs; this gives better result, as well as a good tolerability of treatment. In conclusion, we must add that you should not wait for the disappearance of blackheads after 20-25 years. In some people, they persist for almost a lifetime. The fight against acne should be started in time to prevent the formation of scars and to ease the course of the disease.